An overview of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer and the most frequent variant of cancer seen in women. The onset of breast cancer in women is usually seen from the middle age, and the disease itself has a mortality rate of around 1 in 37. However, the mortality rate from cancer has been going down and is expected to continue to do so in the future. Breast cancer has become almost completely curable if identified at an early stage.

Treatment of breast cancer is fairly straightforward, depending upon the stage at which it is identified. There are a few methods of treatment that are discussed below.

Symptoms

The initial symptom of breast cancer is a thick area or a lump found in the breast or the armpit. The tissue in the area becomes hard and it can be felt over the skin. The armpit may not hurt, but pain which does not go away is also a definitive symptom of the onset of breast cancer. Other symptoms include redness or pitting of the skin of the breast, change in the shape or size of the breast, or peeling off of the skin on the breast. Many lumps caused due to other reasons are incorrectly attributed to breast cancer, so make sure you book doctor appointment if you ever encounter a symptom.

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Stages of Cancer

Breast cancer is categorised into a few stages, depending on the size and extent of the tumour. In Stage 0, the cancerous cells have not invaded healthy tissue and are only found in the duct in the area. As the tumour enlarges to a size of around 2 cm, it grows into Stage 1. As the tumour starts to spread to the surrounding lymph nodes, the cancer is categorised into Stage 2. In Stage 3, the size of the tumour is around 5 cm across and it has definitely affected the nearby lymph nodes. In the final Stage 4, the cancerous cells are deemed to have spread all around the body, including bones, tissues and other distant organs.

Treatment

The breast cancer surgery is usually decided by a doctor depending upon the stage up to which cancer has spread. Factors that affect the type of treatment include the type of cancer, its stage, the age and the general health of the patient, along with her sensitivity to hormones.

Many methods of treatment have already been developed for cancer, including radiation therapy, surgery, hormone therapy and chemotherapy. The individual preference of the patient is also taken into account while deciding the type of treatment used.

Breast cancer surgeryhas some of the highest success rates among the types of treatment, regardless of the stage of cancer. The surgical procedure involves removal of the cancerous tissue and some healthy tissue along with it to prevent spreading or recurring of cancer. In a modified radical mastectomy, the entire breast, including fatty tissue and the nipples are removed.

Through PSTakeCare, you have the option to compare the facilities at various hospitals before choosing the place for your surgery. Even the qualifications of the surgeons can be compared, so make sure to consider your options extensively before opting for one.

 

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