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PMTCT

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PMTCT

About 90% of Pediatric HIV infection is a result of mother to child transmission of HIV infection (Vertical transmission) which can occur during pregnancy (Antenatal), labour and breast feeding. As at 2012, of the estimated 35.3 million people worldwide living with HIV, approximately 3.2 million were children under 15 years of age, with 91 percent of these children residing in Sub-Saharan Africa. An estimated 260,000 children were newly infected with HIV in 2012; further, 700 children are newly infected with HIV every day (UNAIDS, Global Report, 2013).

Without any intervention transmission from infected mother to baby ranges from 255-40%. Ironically this can be reduced to less than 5% with the right intervention including ARV prophylaxis. Nigeria, with HIV prevalent of 7.1% (FMOH 2010), contributes about 30% of global PMTCT burden.

 

Basic Facts on PMTCT as at 2011:

·         Over 90% of Pediatric HIV occurs in Sub–Saharan Africa, with about 900 children infected daily.

·         57% of pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral drugs to prevent them from transmitting the virus to their babies

·         Globally, only 35% of infants born to women living with HIV in low and middle-income countries received an HIV test within the first two months of life.

·         Only 28% of children under 15 living with HIV in low and middle-income countries received antiretroviral treatment for the virus, as compared with 54% for adults

 

What is the response on PMTCT?

 

Following robust evidence that with the right and timely intervention, mother to child transmission of HIV can be reduced to less than 5%, HHCF is convinced that increase access and coverage of PMTCT services is the right step to achieve an AIDS-free generation. PMTCT provides drugs, counseling and psychological support to help mothers safeguard their infants against the virus. Due to the high level of morbidity and mortality among exposed babies, measures must be put in place to ensure early infant diagnosis using DNA PCR, care and support among exposed babies.

 

Strategic approach to PMTCT:

Globally accepted strategy of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV consists of the four prongs of PMTCT which are:



FAQs about PMTCT:

  • Is it possible for an HIV positive woman to give birth to a negative child? -Yes , an HIV positive woman can give birth to a negative baby
  • Can an HIV positive mother Breast feed her baby? -Yes, although there are evidences that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child during breastfeeding, the national guideline advised that in resource limiting setting, for pregnant women on ARV prophylaxis the chance of infecting their babies is reduced.
  • Is there a cure for HIV? -No, although there are intensive research and some level of scientific breakthroughs, there is no KNOWN CURE yet, but HIV infection is no longer a death sentence. It is now like any other chronic disease if well managed by a professional.
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